The first carbon fibers were developed in the late 19th century, to make light bulb filaments (Thomas Edison and Joseph Saw).
Nowadays, the majority of carbon fibers come from a polymer: PAN (polyacrylonitrile).
PAN is stretched to give fibers of 5 to 10 microns. These fibers then undergo a heat treatment, carbonization, around 1500 ° C.
Once the spinning is done, then comes weaving, in two or three dimensions of carbon fibers, often in the form of tablecloths.
The high elasticity modulus of carbon fibers makes it a very rigid material, resistant to cracks, with a very low expansion coefficient, and especially light. Another of its qualities is electrical conductivity, carbon being a very good electrical conductor.
However, to activate all these mechanical qualities, carbon fiber needs to be used in composite.
A composite material, as its name implies, is created from several components, at least two. In the case of a carbon fiber part, this fiber is used as a reinforcement, which will be bonded by a matrix, an epoxy resin, or polyester.
Carbon fiber, because of its mechanical properties, is therefore used in many advanced technological fields, such as aviation, aerospace, motor sports, water sports, etc. etc.
In addition to its mechanical properties, the woven carbon fiber, in a transparent matrix, offers reflections on the fibers and different anthracite shades of carbon that change according to the inclination of the eye, which profers it an important design asset.
This weaving may vary, with more or less thick meshes, different mesh shapes, densities more or less strong, suitable for each application.
The sober and high-quality appearance of this composite material fits perfectly in a modern interior decoration, and can be associated very well with noble materials, such as metals: aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, copper, brass, precious metals such as gold, silver, rhodium, different woods, etc. etc.